9. Away from Germany 1938

When this remarkable atlas and traveller’s guide was published by a Jewish publisher in Berlin in 1938 some of the maps were already out of date. The first republic of Czechoslovakia no longer existed. This book was exceptionally relevant, however. The alphabetical contributions give the impression of being standard information from a travel book, but the rules described in it for obtaining a visa are not irritating formalities for tourists; survival depends on them.

The book presents an extensive topography of escape. What countries still accepted migrants? What exit tax had to be paid? How much money per person did a country demand for support? For what occupations was there a need in those countries? What ports were still open for Jews to leave Europe? What diseases needed to be prepared for?

On this small map of the world the distances from Berlin to new destinations are shown. What is not indicated is what was to be done if the borders were closed and legal exit impossible. This Philo-Atlas still expresses the confidence that an orderly departure would be possible. To many that belief was to prove fatal.

Map Entfernungen in der Welt, in: Philo G.M.B.H. (Publ.), Philo-Atlas, Handbuch für die jüdische Auswanderung, Berlin 1938

Map Entfernungen in der Welt, in: Philo G.M.B.H. (Publ.), Philo-Atlas, Handbuch für die jüdische Auswanderung, Berlin 1938

 

 

Two pages from the Philo-Atlas

Two pages from the Philo-Atlas