7. Water in Israel

On this map the most important water transport in Israel can be seen. It consists of a series of canals, pipelines, tunnels, reservoirs and pumping stations. The system is intended to channel water from the Sea of Galilee in the north east, through diverse terrain of greatly varying altitudes, to the densely-populated central area of Israel and from there to the dry south. Every hour 72,000 cubic metres of water must be transported.

Construction took place between 1953 and 1964 and costed Israel more than 400 million pounds. On this map the system is shown as not yet complete, which is why the date has been estimated as about 1960. Both Syria and Lebanon wanted to draw likewise large amounts of water from the upper reaches of the Jordan. This struggle for water led to fierce clashes and was to play an important role in the run-up to the Six Days’ War of June 1967.

Chefets, Meir & Ze’ev Aner, Mappat ha-majim be-Yisrael, Chart of Israeli Waters, Jerusalem n.d. (±1960)

Chefets, Meir & Ze’ev Aner, Mappat ha-majim be-Yisrael, Chart of Israeli Waters, Jerusalem n.d. (±1960)